The ESP8266 Core and Wi-Fi module (xChip CW01) allows users to send data from XinaBox’s modular xChips to the cloud. This data can be monitored remotely in Ubidots, where users can take advantage of their range of IoT tools.

The xChip SW01 Advanced Weather Sensor (Bosch BME280) measures temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure, from which altitude, cloud base and dew point can also be calculated.

In this tutorial we use HTTP protocol to send sensor data to Ubidots. This could also be done using MQTT protocol.

By the end of this guide, you will able to monitor and measure weather conditions at your XinaBox device from anywhere remotely using Ubidots.

Requirements

  • 1x CW01 - WiFi core (ESP8266/ESP-12F)
  • 1x SW01 - Advanced Weather Sensor (BME280)
  • 1x IP01 - USB Programming Interface (FT232R)
  • 1x XC10 - 10-Pack xBUS Connectors
  • Arduino IDE
  • Ubidots account

Steps-by-Step

  1. Hardware Setup
  2. Setting up the Arduino IDE
  3. Understanding the code
  4. Login to Ubidots
  5. Create Dashboards in Ubidots
  6. Summary

1.Hardware Setup

Connect CW01, SW01 and IP01 together using the XC10 xBUS connectors. You may connect it as shown in the diagram below. Please see this guide on how to assemble xChips generally.

Then, connect your device and PC through the IP01’s USB. For this, you will need to use the xFlasher software to flash the code once ready. See this guide on using the xFlasher.

2. Setting up the Arduino IDE

1. Install Arduino IDE 1.8.8

2. Install these libraries to Arduino: ESP8266 Arduino, Ubidots ESP8266, xCore, xSW01.

NOTE: If you are not familiar with how to Install libraries, please refer to the link: Installing Arduino libraries

3. With the ESP8266 platform installed, select the ESP8266 device you are working with. In the case, we are working with a “CW01(ESP12F module)”. To select your board from the Arduino IDE, select Tools > Board “NodeMCU 1.0(ESP12E module)”.

NOTE: ESP12F and ESP12E are interchangeable for this purpose.

3. Understanding the code

Including libraries:

#include "UbidotsESPMQTT.h"
#include <xSW01.h>
#include <xCore.h>

Enter your Wi-Fi and Ubidots Credentials:

#define TOKEN  "Your-Token"  // Put here your Ubidots TOKEN
#define WIFISSID "Your-SSID" // Put here your Wi-Fi SSID
#define PASSWORD "password-of-ssid" // Put here your Wi-Fi password

Your unique Ubidots TOKEN is obtained from your Ubidots account. Refer to the following link to learn where to find your Ubidots TOKEN.

Define the Ubidots device and variables labels:

#define DEVICE_LABEL "xinabox-cw01-sw01" // Ubidots Device Label 
#define VARIABLE_LABEL_1 "altitude" // Ubidots Variables Label
#define VARIABLE_LABEL_2 "pressure"
#define VARIABLE_LABEL_3 "humidity"
#define VARIABLE_LABEL_4 "temperature-c"
#define VARIABLE_LABEL_5 "temperature-f"

One time setup, see the comments for self-explanation:

void setup() {
  // put your setup code here, to run once:
  Serial.begin(115200);
  // Pass a true or false bool value to activate debug messages
  client.setDebug(true);

  // Connect to the Access Point
  client.wifiConnection(WIFINAME, WIFIPASS);
 
  client.begin(callback);
 
  // Set the I2C Pins for CW01
  #ifdef ESP8266
    Wire.pins(2, 14);
    Wire.setClockStretchLimit(15000);
  #endif

  // Start the I2C Comunication
  Wire.begin();
 
  // Start the  SW01 Sensor
  SW01.begin();

  //Delay for sensor to normalise
  delay(5000);
}

Loop the operation, to keep it running and updating continuously:


void loop() {
  // put your main code here, to run repeatedly:
  if(!client.connected()){
      client.reconnect();
  }
  // Read and calculate data from SW01 sensor
  SW01.poll();

  // Request SW01 to get the altitude measurement and store in
  // the altitude variable  
  float altitude = SW01.getAltitude(101325);
 
  // Request SW01 to get the pressure measurement and store in
  // the pressure variable  
  float pressure = SW01.getPressure();
 
  // Request SW01 to get the humidity measurement and store in
  // the humidity variable  
  float humidity = SW01.getHumidity();

  // Request SW01 to get the temperature measurement and store in
  // the temperature variable  
  float tempC = SW01.getTempC(); // Temperature in Celcuis
  float tempF = SW01.getTempF(); // Temperature in Farenheit

  // Display the recoreded data over the Serial Monitor
  Serial.print("Altitude: ");
  Serial.print(altitude);
  Serial.println(" m");

  Serial.print("Pressure: ");
  Serial.print(pressure);
  Serial.println(" Pa");

  Serial.print("Humidity: ");
  Serial.print(humidity);
  Serial.println(" %");
 
  Serial.print("Temperature: ");
  Serial.print(tempC);
  Serial.println(" C");
  Serial.print("Temperature: ");
  Serial.print(tempF);
  Serial.println(" F");

  // Save variables to be sent to Ubidots
  client.add(VARIABLE_LABEL_1, altitude);
  client.add(VARIABLE_LABEL_2, pressure);
  client.add(VARIABLE_LABEL_3, humidity);
  client.add(VARIABLE_LABEL_4, tempC);
  client.add(VARIABLE_LABEL_5, tempF);

  // Publish data to Ubidots
  client.ubidotsPublish(DEVICE_LABEL);
  client.loop();
 
  // Loop delay
  delay(5000);
}

The complete code:

/****************************************
 * Include Libraries
 ****************************************/
#include "UbidotsESPMQTT.h"
#include <xSW01.h>
#include <xCore.h>

/****************************************
 * Define Constants
 ****************************************/
#define TOKEN ".........." // Your Ubidots TOKEN
#define WIFINAME ".........." //Your SSID
#define WIFIPASS ".........." // Your Wifi Pass
#define DEVICE_LABEL "xinabox-cw01-sw01" // Ubidots Device Label
#define VARIABLE_LABEL_1 "altitude" // Ubidots Variables Label
#define VARIABLE_LABEL_2 "pressure"
#define VARIABLE_LABEL_3 "humidity"
#define VARIABLE_LABEL_4 "temperature-c"
#define VARIABLE_LABEL_5 "temperature-f"

Ubidots client(TOKEN);
xSW01 SW01;

/****************************************
 * Auxiliar Functions
 ****************************************/

void callback(char* topic, byte* payload, unsigned int length) {
  Serial.print("Message arrived [");
  Serial.print(topic);
  Serial.print("] ");
  for (int i=0;i<length;i++) {
    Serial.print((char)payload[i]);
  }
  Serial.println();
}

/****************************************
 * Main Functions
 ****************************************/

void setup() {
  // put your setup code here, to run once:
  Serial.begin(115200);
  // Pass a true or false bool value to activate debug messages
  client.setDebug(true);

  // Connect to the Access Point
  client.wifiConnection(WIFINAME, WIFIPASS);
 
  client.begin(callback);
 
  // Set the I2C Pins for CW01
  #ifdef ESP8266
    Wire.pins(2, 14);
    Wire.setClockStretchLimit(15000);
  #endif

  // Start the I2C Comunication
  Wire.begin();
 
  // Start the  SW01 Sensor
  SW01.begin();

  //Delay for sensor to normalise
  delay(5000);
}

void loop() {
  // put your main code here, to run repeatedly:
  if(!client.connected()){
      client.reconnect();
  }
  // Read and calculate data from SW01 sensor
  SW01.poll();

  // Request SW01 to get the altitude measurement and store in
  // the altitude variable  
  float altitude = SW01.getAltitude(101325);
 
  // Request SW01 to get the pressure measurement and store in
  // the pressure variable  
  float pressure = SW01.getPressure();
 
  // Request SW01 to get the humidity measurement and store in
  // the humidity variable  
  float humidity = SW01.getHumidity();

  // Request SW01 to get the temperature measurement and store in
  // the temperature variable  
  float tempC = SW01.getTempC(); // Temperature in Celcuis
  float tempF = SW01.getTempF(); // Temperature in Farenheit

  // Display the recoreded data over the Serial Monitor
  Serial.print("Altitude: ");
  Serial.print(altitude);
  Serial.println(" m");

  Serial.print("Pressure: ");
  Serial.print(pressure);
  Serial.println(" Pa");

  Serial.print("Humidity: ");
  Serial.print(humidity);
  Serial.println(" %");
 
  Serial.print("Temperature: ");
  Serial.print(tempC);
  Serial.println(" C");
  Serial.print("Temperature: ");
  Serial.print(tempF);
  Serial.println(" F");

  // Save variables to be sent to Ubidots
  client.add(VARIABLE_LABEL_1, altitude);
  client.add(VARIABLE_LABEL_2, pressure);
  client.add(VARIABLE_LABEL_3, humidity);
  client.add(VARIABLE_LABEL_4, tempC);
  client.add(VARIABLE_LABEL_5, tempF);

  // Publish data to Ubidots
  client.ubidotsPublish(DEVICE_LABEL);
  client.loop();
 
  // Loop delay
  delay(5000);
}

4. Login to Ubidots

  1. Open your Ubidots account. You will see a device named “xinabox-cw01-sw01” with  5 variables (see image below).

NOTE: If you desired to send a different device name you must update the device label assigned at the beginning of the code. 

  • Device visualization
  • Variables visualization

5. Creating Dashboards in Ubidots

Dashboards (static and dynamic) are user interfaces to organize and present a device's data and the insights derived from the data. Dashboards contain widgets that display the data as charts, indicators, controls, tables, graphs, and other size, shapes, and forms.

To create a new Dashboard in your Ubidots account, refer to the following Ubidots tutorial to learn how to do it.

Just as a reference, once your Ubidots Dashboard is created you should have something similar to the image below:

PRO TIP: There are also a range of graphing and reporting tools. If you want to learn more about this, we recommend you check this guide

6. Summary

In this tutorial, we have shown how to code and connect an XinaBox Weather station to Ubidots. This enables remote monitoring and can be completed within 10-15 minutes.

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