The ESP8266 is a low-cost WiFi module built by Espressif Systems. Its popularity has been growing among the hardware community thanks to it’s nice features and stability, to the point that it can be easily programmed using your Arduino IDE.
By following this guide you will be able to POST data to Ubidots using the ESP8266 as stand alone module in just a couple of minutes!
- An ESP8266 module
- An Arduino UNO , UARTbee or any UART to USB device.
- Arduino IDE. Version 1.6.6 or higher.
- Jumper wires
- Hardware Setup
- Setting up the Arduino IDE
- Sending (POST) Data to Ubidots
1. Hardware Setup
To be able to program the ESP8266 as stand alone module you will need any UART to USB device such as the UARTbee, or you can program the module through any Arduino board by setting the Arduino RST to GND.
1. To begin, establish the connection between the device used to program the ESP8266 by following the table below. First, let's identify the pin out of the ESP8266 to avoid any future hardware issue.
IMPORTANT NOTE: If you are using an Arduino UNO to access the ESP8266 you will need to set Arduino RST to GND. Please be careful with the VCC of the ESP8266, it works only with a 3.3V supply.
- FAQs and Troubleshooting
One of the most common errors with the ESP8266 is the espcom_sync_failed:
If you receive this error when the RST is not set to GND. To correct this error, please verify:
- if the jumper wire correctly connected and use the above Pinout table;
- confirm that the Arduino RST is set to GND;
- confirm that the board: Generic ESP8266 Module is selected in the Arduino IDE. For additional assistance selecting the board, see step 2 in the Setting up the Arduino IDE below.
2. Setting up the Arduino IDE
1. To be able to work with the ESP8266 platform in the Arduino IDE, you will need to install the ESP8266 board using the preconfigured Arduino Board Manager. If you are not familiar with adding a board with the Arduino IDE, refer to this article for additional guidance.
2. With the ESP8266 platform installed, select the ESP8266 device you are working with. In the case, we are working with a “Generic ESP8266 Module”. To select your board from the Arduino IDE, select Tools > Board “Generic ESP8266 Module”.
Note: The library will create a new Ubidots device named "ESP8266" receiving the mac address of the ESP8266 as the unique device label. If you desire assign a different device name and label, please implement the follow lines of code into your setup of your code (no changes are needed in the loop).
- To change the Device Name:
- To change the Device label:
3. Sending (POST) Data to Ubidots
With the following sample code you will be able to post readings taken from the GPIO pins of the ESP8266.
1. To post your first value in Ubidots, open the Arduino IDE and paste the sample code below. Once you have pasted the code, you will need to assign your unique Ubidots TOKEN, SSID (WiFi Name) and Password of the available network.
#define TOKEN "Your_token_here" // Put here your Ubidots TOKEN
#define WIFISSID "Your_WiFi_SSID" // Put here your Wi-Fi SSID
#define PASSWORD "Your_WiFi_Password" // Put here your Wi-Fi password
//client.setDebug(true); // Uncomment this line to set DEBUG on
float value1 = analogRead(0);
//float value2 = analogRead(2) // uncomment this line to read the GPIO2 of the ESP8266
//client.add("switch", value2); // uncomment this line to send the GPIO2 value to Ubidots
2. Verify your code within the Arduino IDE. To do this, in the top left corner of our Arduino IDE you will see the "Check Mark" icon; press it to verify your code.
3. Upload the code into your “Generic ESP8266 Module”. To do this, choose the "right-arrow" icon beside the "check mark" icon.
4. To verify the connectivity of the device and the data sent, open the serial monitor by selecting the "magnifying glass" icon in the top right corner of the Arduino IDE to see the connectivity logs.
NOTE: If no response is seen, try unplugging the UART to USB device and then plugging it again. Make sure the baud rate of the Serial monitor is set to the same one specified in your code
5. Confirm your data in Ubidots. Now you should see the posted data in your Ubidots account, located the device called "esp8266".
With this simple tutorial you are able to POST data to Ubidots with the ease of the Arduino IDE and an ESP8266 as stand alone module. If your wish to find more examples to handle context or timestamp values in your request checkout Ubidots documentation with the ESP8266 by clicking here.
Now its time to create Ubidots Dashboards to visualize your data and deploy your IoT solution! Happy Hacking! :)
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